Welding and cutting tasks are dangerous, especially when working on a construction site. As your surroundings are constantly changing, it is important to keep safety in mind.
Prevention and Protection
To avoid injuries on-site, consider these safety recommendations:
- Always check for fire hazards before you start welding. Wood, paper and other flammable materials should be removed from the area. Flammable liquids should be removed as well. Never weld or cut in areas with a lot of trees or dry grasses.
- Clean away any debris on the floor or ground before welding over it. Then cover the ground or floor with metal or some other material that will not burn. It may also be a good idea to wet the floor or ground, though this can cause an added shock hazard. Guard against these hazards as necessary.
- Seal cracks so that sparks or slag cannot fall through them and never allow these hot materials to fall into machine pits.
- If you must weld near combustible materials, a fire extinguisher, bucket of water, fire hose or a bucket of sand should be at hand. It may be necessary to have a worker stand by with a fire extinguisher to put out sparks as well.
- If you are welding or cutting a tank or drum containing flammable liquids or gas, do not start your operation until an approved test shows that there is no dangerous vapour present. Do not rely on another employee’s word that the tank or drum was tested previously; insist on a new test before you start your work.
- If you’re working in a confined space at the worksite, make sure that your work area is properly ventilated. Many welding and cutting operations produce fumes that are harmful in heavy concentrations and good ventilation is one of the best methods of protecting yourself against this hazard. Utilise special ventilating equipment, if necessary.
- Wear face and eye protection such as goggles and a helmet to protect against hazards. Workers dealing with metal, chipping and cleaning should always have their helmets lowered to prevent chipped particles of metal from entering the eyes. Eye protection, such as goggles, is worn to protect against sparks, slag and molten metal and flash burns caused by radiation from the welding equipment.
Make safety a top priority as you weld and cut. Taking these precautions seriously will lower your risk of occupational injuries, which will make your job much more safe and enjoyable.
The content of this document is of general interest and is not intended to apply to specific circumstances. It does not purport to be a comprehensive analysis of all matters relevant to its subject matter. The content should not, therefore, be regarded as constituting legal advice and not be relied upon as such. In relation to any particular problem which they may have, readers are advised to seek specific advice. Further, the law may have changed since first publication and the reader is cautioned accordingly. © 2009-2010, 2012-2013, 2019 Zywave, Inc. All rights reserved.